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Business Real Estate in France: A Comprehensive Guide


Are you thinking about starting a business in France? If so, you’ll need to navigate the country’s complex business real estate laws.

To make things easier, we’ve put together a comprehensive guide to help you get started. In this guide, you’ll learn about the different types of business real estate in France, the process of hiring an attorney, and more.

We know starting a business can be overwhelming, but with this guide, you’ll be one step closer to making your dream a reality.

The French Commercial Lease

When it comes to renting business real estate in France, the process is a bit different than the norm. Before signing a contract, it’s wise to hire a knowledgeable attorney to ensure your financial and legal interests are protected. That attorney will help you understand the concepts of the French commercial lease, which is the binding contract between you (the tenant) and the landlord.

The lease will outline obligations and legal rights and responsibilities between the two parties, as well as decisions and terms regarding rent, monthly or annual payments, and other important documents. This contract needs to be carefully reviewed, since it’s binding, which means it will be enforceable even if the tenant has their agreement breached. Because of that, it’s important to make sure all parties understand the terms of the contract.

Renewing or Terminating a French Commercial Lease

The concept of a French commercial lease differs from others because it allows for an automatic renewal, unless both parties agree to terminate it. This means that unless the tenant and landlord agree otherwise, the lease will automatically renew at the end of its initial term. However, both parties are able to terminate the lease within a certain period of time as stated in the contract.

In addition to that, there are required notice periods for either party when it comes to terminating the lease. This varies according to certain situations, such as how long the lease has been running, how long the tenant has been the tenant, and other factors.

The landlord’s obligations:

In France, business real estate landlords have a number of obligations to the tenant.

First, the landlord must maintain the property’s state in accordance with the initial agreement. This means they are responsible for necessary upkeep and repairs, so the tenant can operate their business safely and comfortably.

In addition to that, the landlord must also allow the tenant to peacefully and lawfully use the property they’ve leased. That means the landlord can’t do anything to interfere with the tenant’s right to use the property or have access to it.

Lastly, the landlord must not infringe on laws or the tenant’s contractual rights when it comes to demanding payments, access to the property, or otherwise.

The Tenant’s Obligations:

The tenant’s obligations to the landlord in a French business real estate contract vary depending on the agreement. Most often, this includes financial payments as well as other obligations. However, some of the more common tasks a tenant must complete include regularly paying their rent on time and any other agreed-upon charges outlined in the contract.

Additionally, the tenant must keep the property in the same condition as when they first moved in. This means taking the necessary precautions to keep the building and surrounding areas safe and free of damage.

Lastly, tenants have an obligation to adhere to zoning laws and regulations outlined in the contract.


To summury : It’s important to understand the ins and outs of French business real estate before you get started.  We hope this guide will help make the process smoother and less overwhelming. With a better understanding of French business real estate, it’s easier to establish your business and grow it in a safe and responsible way.



About the Author :

Business lawyers, bilingual, specialized in acquisition law; Benoit Lafourcade is co-founder of Delcade lawyers & solicitors and founder of FRELA; registered as agents in personal and professional real estate transactions. Member of AAMTI (main association of French lawyers and agents).

FRELA : French Real Estate Lawyer Agency, specializing in acquisition law to secure real estate and business transactions in France.

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